Low Haedrasian
Low Haedrasian is the common tongue of the Haedrasian Empire, serving common citizens where Cant is used by the nobility and academics, and High Cant by priests and historians. The youngest and most diverse of the three languages, Low Haedrasian shares little more than an alphabet with the two more ancient tongues, and has more in common with Irian than it does with Cant - a tongue that certainly provided the seed from which Low Haedrasian grew.

Low Haedrasian Conventions


Low Haedrasian tends toward being very clear in character, with clear syllabic distinction. C is often used to make a harder 's' sound at the beginning of words. Proper nouns are often gendered, indicated by ending is 'us' or 'is' (masculine) or 'a' (feminine), though this remains more a convention than a rule.

Consonants: b, c, d, g, l, s, t.
Vowels: e, i, u.

Accents


Though the Haedrasian Empire's unity keeps Low Haedrasian from splintering, the vastness and diversity of the empire has led to the evolution of a range of distinctive accents and sayings that make a speaker's native region (and sometimes even province!) apparent to any native Haedrasian speaker. Northmen are usually thought of as wide-mouthed and awkward. Over-annunciating and speaking in a rhythmic, drumbeat pattern. Southerners from around the Bair and Iria speak in sort of a full-cheeked, slurring tone, and individuals from the capitol province are known for a lazy, over-extended drawl. Haedrasians from the Ghan border have a clipped way of speaking, often taken for temper by those unfamiliar with them. And in the west and middle-south each province has its own distinct pattern of speech. In the Three Cities the residents even claim that they can tell from which city a man hails by simply hearing him speak.

Low Haedrasian Terms


Castra - Military settlement, or fortress.
Chana - Piety, propriety, virtue, or a blessing.
Chana Vitesse - Drawing blood in benediction.
Cosani - Warrior, not simply a profession, but a very high compliment indeed.
Dada - Cursed, evil, or magical.
Domi/Doma - A polite term of address, similar to sir/madam.
Hodoris - Pride or honour.
Kanta! - An exclamation of surprise.
Oln/Olnom - Old/elder.
Seni - An honorific from a layman to a priest.
Silomi - A derogative term meaning 'subject', implying a lack of culture, rights and importance.
Vitesse - Haederas' blood. Physical blood belonging to Haederas (i.e. the literal blood of any Haedrasian).

Haedrasian Names


Haedrasians usually have a first name and family name. The family name is derived from the father, but it is common for an individual who comes from two families of distinction to take both his father and mother's last name. This double barrelled name will often subsequently carry for two or three generations, before abbreviating to just the last name again.

In first names is common for a male name to end with an ā€˜sā€™ sound and for a female to end with an ā€˜aā€™. Though this rule is no longer considered particularly important it was once absolutely true in a time when the Haedrasian language was formally gendered. The adaptation (for convenience) of the Imperitry honourarium Haederas into Haedrian, done to make a distinction between Imperator and Divhi, was the beginning of the decline of this tradition, since the Imperators could not be seen to have an un-manly name. Even today names that do not display this convention are often considered unisex (e.g. Julian or Milo in the list provided).

Male: Abebe, Abel, Alexander, Annais, Anton, Arix, Baako, Baas, Bartus, Beirt, Brutus, Bujunes, Buzibi, Cadius, Calius, Carbo, Cassius, Cludus, Consore, Corvus, Dadolon, Dayo, Diodris, Dominic, Dravis, Etrus, Eunus, Fabius, Fides, Flavius, Gaius, Galen, Hiero, Horace, Hostis, Ido, Invictus, Janus, Jengo, Julian, Katlego, Kwamis, Kwasi, Kweku, Laus, Lepidis, Lepon, Leponis, Lex, Lexus, Lucius, Marco, Marius, Mayus, Milo, Mundus, Nafari, Nemasus, Oscan, Osumare, Parias, Perseis, Philip, Po, Remus, Salamis, Samuel, Scipris, Severis, Sullist, Tactus, Tarquin, Tinashis, Teutas, Tigris, Titus, Tradis, Trayan, Tyre, Umbris, Varo, Vespian, Vurgel.

Female: Adda, Aegan, Afarik, Akua, Alesia, Aria, Assyra, Atsu, Barasa, Cannae, Candisa, Carteia, Cinna, Cirta, Decreta, Drusilla, Duna, Ebele, Efua, Emerita, Emilia, Enna, Eshe, Etrica, Gatrua, Geta, Gloria, Hadiya, Isa, Isoba, Julia, Julian, Kwada, Kwavinia, Leena, Lesedi, Lex, Livia, Lucilla, Manyara, Marjana, Milo, Monifa, Nerva, Nuba, Numa, Nyah, Olivia, Olua, Onyeka, Paygan, Pydna, Raeta, Ramla, Sabina, Sabine, Salina, Samanya, Sardina, Selucia, Shana, Sheena, Subira, Syria, Tafra, Tantenda, Trebia, Turia, Tyre, Umbra, Una, Valaria, Velia, Via, Vitis, Yawa, Zola.

Family Names: Haedrasians cling to their family names, because they give the bearer a chance to assert himself in society through a claim to famous ancestors. Haedrasian surnames are nearly universally of ancient origin, and are often quite literally in a different language, many being in High Cant. Some examples include: Amemhu, Ankhes, Anqt, Baienneter, Bektan, Bubastis, Cabar, Chemmis, Dadkera, Eirene, Entef, Gararai, Hapentmat, Hatshep, Iseret, Kames, Kamut, Katesch, Khamet, Kwamat, Malouli, Markata, Mibhau, Nafira, Nebet, Osorhe, Renent, Sekhet, Senebsima, Tahort, Uart.

Bloodnames and Honournames

Bloodnames and Honournames are some of the more unique institutions of Haedrasian culture. Bloodnames, characteristic of the Haedrasian obsession with blood, are sort of a second surname placed before the patrilineal family name, referring to some famous ancestor. When the Empire was first settled, the great names of the time became so highly regarded that they took on religious significance - they truly were greater than mere men. But as history progressed, their names were lost to many families in the scuffle of descent, marriage, and breeding. However some families lamented the loss of their proud heritage, and so they reclaimed their semi-divine ancestor's name. Soon, however, many citizens claimed names that they had no ties to at all, from bold vanity. Therefore bloodnames were created.

If a citizen wishes to add the name of a purported ancestor to his own, then he must bring whatever proof he can muster to his local temple. There the priest will consider the evidence. If he finds it compelling, he will consult the book of names, and therein he will find a trial associated to the feats of the claimed ancestor, that the individual must undertake to prove that vaunted blood now flows in their veins. Only a single attempt at such a trial is allowed, and with a bloodname comes the duty to provide vials of blood to the temple as blessed relics during prayer, but the respect that an average citizen affords one with a bloodname is profound.

Honournames are something of an answer to bloodnames common amongst the soldier castes of the Empire. When a legionnaire (or occasionally any citizen) completes a particularly notable feat of courage, strategy, strength, or some other virtue he wins the right to enter that year's trial to add the name of a famous warrior from the past to his own. No blood ties are necessary for an honourname, and it is not passed down through the family. An honourname belongs to its winner alone. The trial is specific to the name the warrior seeks to win, but it is almost always martial in nature, and tends to take place over the length of a tenday. Not all of the worthy will win the name - indeed with the most respected names only a single warrior will win the name in each trial.

Written Language


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Languages of Allornus
Ahlonia Isle Trade Tongue; Talthakee; Sielish; Giantish
Shattered Empire Irian; Bosk; Huragga; Ghost-speak
Knives of Rallah Ralstaan; High Ral; Fale'An-Heir; Huragga; Raak
Ancient Duchies Ghanish; Gan; Khal Mhul; Vorgan
Bear Tundra Tu'dra-Bachk
Lands of Chill Malish; Low Haedrasian; Arken
Imperatry Plains Low Haedrasian; Cant; High Cant
Inner Sea Basin Vashri; Kelorn; Irian; Khal Mhul; Bosk; Low Haedrasian; Kena'ku; Black Tongue
Southlands Kelorn; Irian; Bosk; Low Haedrasian; Bray
Unholy Wastes Drak; Malish
Fringe Nations Havari; Drukah
Others Language of Beasts; Language of Trees